Physical therapy, which is shortened as physiotherapy, is defined as the medication and the rehabilitation specialty of the physical health. Physical therapy involves the use of mechanical movements and force; the remediation of any physical impairment; and can promote function, quality of life, and mobility through diagnosis, prognosis, examination, and physical intervention. The professional who specializes and performs anything that encompasses physical therapy is typically called as a physiotherapist or physical therapist. Some other activities for the physical therapy profession are administration, consultation, education and research; and typically the services they offered is a combination or in conjunction with the other services offered in the medical or clinical settings. List of the specialty areas of physical therapy are cardiovascular and pulmonary physiotherapy, clinical electrophysiology, geriatric, neurological, orthopedic, pediatric, sports, women’s health, palliative treatment, integumentary, and back pain treatment.
It is believed that if there is an existing collaborative relationship between the physiotherapist and his or her patient, who may suffer from musculoskeletal conditions, brain injury, cardiac conditions, and multiple pathologies, the physical therapy sessions will be effective. The various positive results of having a collaborative relationship between the two entities includes treatment adherence, effective pain management, the ability complete specific physical functions tasks, ability to perform activities of daily living, global assessment of physical health, treatment satisfaction, and ability to surpass depression.
One of the most popular fields of physiotherapy is the musculoskeletal physiotherapy, and this certain field is referring to the disorders and conditions of the musculoskeletal system, which includes the ligaments, cartilage, spinal discs, muscles, bones, joints, nerves and tendons. Some of the common disorders and conditions of the musculoskeletal system includes cartilage tears, ligament sprains, muscle strains, back pain, fracture rehabilitation, pre-surgery and post-surgery rehabilitation, and arthritis. The most common areas of the body that are being handled by the musculoskeletal physiotherapists includes the lumbar, the knee, ankle and foot, pelvis, hip, cervical, thoracic, shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand. Some of the common techniques of management used and performed by a musculoskeletal physiotherapist to his or her patient includes manual assessment and treatment techniques, manipulation, specific therapeutic exercises, electrotherapy, and advice on movement and posture disorders. An efficient musculoskeletal physiotherapist can help their patients to relieve or reduce their pain, assist them to achieve both their functional and exercise goals, provide them with strategies to manage their injury and the condition of their musculoskeletal system, help them recover quicker and help them return to their normal activities in life, improve their flexibility and muscle strength, improve their proprioception and quality of movement, improve their fitness, prescribe them with the exercises they can perform at home to enhance their recovery, and helping them prevent the recurrences of any future injuries.5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Options